parker <a href=''>hydraulic</a> <a href=''>pump</a> rotation direction factory

Gear pumps have an input shaft that drives an inner gear or “drive” gear. When the shaft turns the drive gear, the drive gear turns the “driven” gear. As these two gears rotate, oil is pulled into the suction port, split and carried around the perimeter of the gears, and finally, combined and pushed out the discharge port.

When determining the rotation of a gear pump, one must decide on the viewing orientation. As an industry standard a pump’s rotation is determined when viewed looking at the input shaft. If your viewing orientation is at the rear of the pump, the technical rotation of the pump is opposite the visual rotation.

The suction and discharge ports are determined by the rotation of the input shaft. As with rotation, the position of each port is dependent upon the viewing orientation. Here to, the industry standard, when looking at the input shaft, is for the drive gear to be oriented above the driven gear, also known as “belly down”. In this orientation, a clockwise pump will have suction on the left and discharge on the right and vice versa. If the pump is oriented with the “belly up”, the suction and discharge ports will appear opposite.

parker <a href=''>hydraulic</a> <a href=''>pump</a> rotation direction factory

Gear pumps,piston pumps and probably vane pumps can be set up to run in either direction. Your pump has a pipe connected from the tank to the pump,then from the pump to the valving,then to a hydraulic motor or cylinder.There will be a line running back to the tank.This line will be under low pressure,but with lots of flow.It should be below the oil level in the tank,to reduce foaming. One direction of motor rotation will send oil through the valves and to the hyd. motor. The other direction,the pump won"t do any pumping at all.Use two wrenches and slightly loosen the fitting on the line going to the hydraulic motor,or ram,while the electric motor is running.You should see hydraulic oil start to seep.DON"T FEEL FOR ANY OIL LEAKING!!Hydraulic oil under pressure,= amputation,or poisoning! Check for the level of oil in the tank to be above the intake pipe at all times. Do you have any visible hydraulic leaks? Do you have a vaccum tight connection from the tank to the pump? There might be a internal screen and or filter inside the tank. Did you lose hydraulic pressure gradually,or all at once? There will be a relief valve somewhere in the system,they sometimes hang up in the open position.You probably have electric valves controling the operations. Check to see that they are working.Occasionally they hang up.Any valve staying open would dump oil back to the tank,reducing the pressure in the system to below that needed to actuate any other motor,or rams. Check for hoses that are broken,or leaking.Good luck!

parker <a href=''>hydraulic</a> <a href=''>pump</a> rotation direction factory

Check that the pump shaft is rotating. Even though coupling guards and C-face mounts can make this difficult to confirm, it is important to establish if your pump shaft is rotating. If it isn’t, this could be an indication of a more severe issue, and this should be investigated immediately.

Check the oil level. This one tends to be the more obvious check, as it is often one of the only factors inspected before the pump is changed. The oil level should be three inches above the pump suction. Otherwise, a vortex can form in the reservoir, allowing air into the pump.

What does the pump sound like when it is operating normally? Vane pumps generally are quieter than piston and gear pumps. If the pump has a high-pitched whining sound, it most likely is cavitating. If it has a knocking sound, like marbles rattling around, then aeration is the likely cause.

Cavitation is the formation and collapse of air cavities in the liquid. When the pump cannot get the total volume of oil it needs, cavitation occurs. Hydraulic oil contains approximately nine percent dissolved air. When the pump does not receive adequate oil volume at its suction port, high vacuum pressure occurs.

This dissolved air is pulled out of the oil on the suction side and then collapses or implodes on the pressure side. The implosions produce a very steady, high-pitched sound. As the air bubbles collapse, the inside of the pump is damaged.

While cavitation is a devastating development, with proper preventative maintenance practices and a quality monitoring system, early detection and deterrence remain attainable goals. UE System’s UltraTrak 850S CD pump cavitation sensor is a Smart Analog Sensor designed and optimized to detect cavitation on pumps earlier by measuring the ultrasound produced as cavitation starts to develop early-onset bubbles in the pump. By continuously monitoring the impact caused by cavitation, the system provides a simple, single value to trend and alert when cavitation is occurring.

The oil viscosity is too high. Low oil temperature increases the oil viscosity, making it harder for the oil to reach the pump. Most hydraulic systems should not be started with the oil any colder than 40°F and should not be put under load until the oil is at least 70°F.

Many reservoirs do not have heaters, particularly in the South. Even when heaters are available, they are often disconnected. While the damage may not be immediate, if a pump is continually started up when the oil is too cold, the pump will fail prematurely.

The suction filter or strainer is contaminated. A strainer is typically 74 or 149 microns in size and is used to keep “large” particles out of the pump. The strainer may be located inside or outside the reservoir. Strainers located inside the reservoir are out of sight and out of mind. Many times, maintenance personnel are not even aware that there is a strainer in the reservoir.

The suction strainer should be removed from the line or reservoir and cleaned a minimum of once a year. Years ago, a plant sought out help to troubleshoot a system that had already had five pumps changed within a single week. Upon closer inspection, it was discovered that the breather cap was missing, allowing dirty air to flow directly into the reservoir.

A check of the hydraulic schematic showed a strainer in the suction line inside the tank. When the strainer was removed, a shop rag was found wrapped around the screen mesh. Apparently, someone had used the rag to plug the breather cap opening, and it had then fallen into the tank. Contamination can come from a variety of different sources, so it pays to be vigilant and responsible with our practices and reliability measures.

The electric motor is driving the hydraulic pump at a speed that is higher than the pump’s rating. All pumps have a recommended maximum drive speed. If the speed is too high, a higher volume of oil will be needed at the suction port.

Due to the size of the suction port, adequate oil cannot fill the suction cavity in the pump, resulting in cavitation. Although this rarely happens, some pumps are rated at a maximum drive speed of 1,200 revolutions per minute (RPM), while others have a maximum speed of 3,600 RPM. The drive speed should be checked any time a pump is replaced with a different brand or model.

Every one of these devastating causes of cavitation threatens to cause major, irreversible damage to your equipment. Therefore, it’s not only critical to have proper, proactive practices in place, but also a monitoring system that can continuously protect your valuable assets, such as UE System’s UltraTrak 850S CD pump cavitation senor. These sensors regularly monitor the health of your pumps and alert you immediately if cavitation symptoms are present, allowing you to take corrective action before it’s too late.

Aeration is sometimes known as pseudo cavitation because air is entering the pump suction cavity. However, the causes of aeration are entirely different than that of cavitation. While cavitation pulls air out of the oil, aeration is the result of outside air entering the pump’s suction line.

Several factors can cause aeration, including an air leak in the suction line. This could be in the form of a loose connection, a cracked line, or an improper fitting seal. One method of finding the leak is to squirt oil around the suction line fittings. The fluid will be momentarily drawn into the suction line, and the knocking sound inside the pump will stop for a short period of time once the airflow path is found.

A bad shaft seal can also cause aeration if the system is supplied by one or more fixed displacement pumps. Oil that bypasses inside a fixed displacement pump is ported back to the suction port. If the shaft seal is worn or damaged, air can flow through the seal and into the pump’s suction cavity.

As mentioned previously, if the oil level is too low, oil can enter the suction line and flow into the pump. Therefore, always check the oil level with all cylinders in the retracted position.

If a new pump is installed and pressure will not build, the shaft may be rotating in the wrong direction. Some gear pumps can be rotated in either direction, but most have an arrow on the housing indicating the direction of rotation, as depicted in Figure 2.

Pump rotation should always be viewed from the shaft end. If the pump is rotated in the wrong direction, adequate fluid will not fill the suction port due to the pump’s internal design.

A fixed displacement pump delivers a constant volume of oil for a given shaft speed. A relief valve must be included downstream of the pump to limit the maximum pressure in the system.

After the visual and sound checks are made, the next step is to determine whether you have a volume or pressure problem. If the pressure will not build to the desired level, isolate the pump and relief valve from the system. This can be done by closing a valve, plugging the line downstream, or blocking the relief valve. If the pressure builds when this is done, there is a component downstream of the isolation point that is bypassing. If the pressure does not build up, the pump or relief valve is bad.

If the system is operating at a slower speed, a volume problem exists. Pumps wear over time, which results in less oil being delivered. While a flow meter can be installed in the pump’s outlet line, this is not always practical, as the proper fittings and adapters may not be available. To determine if the pump is badly worn and bypassing, first check the current to the electric motor. If possible, this test should be made when the pump is new to establish a reference. Electric motor horsepower is relative to the hydraulic horsepower required by the system.

For example, if a 50-GPM pump is used and the maximum pressure is 1,500 psi, a 50-hp motor will be required. If the pump is delivering less oil than when it was new, the current to drive the pump will drop. A 230-volt, 50-hp motor has an average full load rating of 130 amps. If the amperage is considerably lower, the pump is most likely bypassing and should be changed.

Figure 4.To isolate a fixed displacement pump and relief valve from the system, close a valve or plug the line downstream (left). If pressure builds, a component downstream of the isolation point is bypassing (right).

The most common type of variable displacement pump is the pressure-compensating design. The compensator setting limits the maximum pressure at the pump’s outlet port. The pump should be isolated as described for the fixed displacement pump.

If pressure does not build up, the relief valve or pump compensator may be bad. Prior to checking either component, perform the necessary lockout procedures and verify that the pressure at the outlet port is zero psi. The relief valve and compensator can then be taken apart and checked for contamination, wear, and broken springs.

Install a flow meter in the case drain line and check the flow rate. Most variable displacement pumps bypass one to three percent of the maximum pump volume through the case drain line. If the flow rate reaches 10 percent, the pump should be changed. Permanently installing a flow meter in the case drain line is an excellent reliability and troubleshooting tool.

Ensure the compensator is 200 psi above the maximum load pressure. If set too low, the compensator spool will shift and start reducing the pump volume when the system is calling for maximum volume.

Performing these recommended tests should help you make good decisions about the condition of your pumps or the cause of pump failures. If you change a pump, have a reason for changing it. Don’t just do it because you have a spare one in stock.

Conduct a reliability assessment on each of your hydraulic systems so when an issue occurs, you will have current pressure and temperature readings to consult.

Al Smiley is the president of GPM Hydraulic Consulting Inc., located in Monroe, Georgia. Since 1994, GPM has provided hydraulic training, consulting and reliability assessments to companies in t...

parker <a href=''>hydraulic</a> <a href=''>pump</a> rotation direction factory

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parker <a href=''>hydraulic</a> <a href=''>pump</a> rotation direction factory

This page is the page of Parker Hydraulic Gear Pump, 8cm³ sold by AS ONE CORPORATION. AXEL GLOBAL is a website that lists more than 1.5 million products that are used in a wide range of fields, including Research and Development, Production,Semiconductor, Medicine, Nursing care, and Food sanitation.

parker <a href=''>hydraulic</a> <a href=''>pump</a> rotation direction factory

It is the central task of external gear pumps to convert mechanical energy (torque and speed) into hydraulic energy (flow and pressure). To reduce heat losses, Rexroth’s external gear units offer very high efficiencies. They are realized by pressure-dependent gap sealing and highly precise production technology.

Rexroth external gear pumps are built in four frame sizes: Platform B, F, N and G. Within each platform different displacements can be realized by different gear widths. The pumps are available in the versions Standard, High-Performance, SILENCE und SILENCE PLUS. Further configuration variants are given by different flanges, shafts, valve arrangements and multiple pump combinations.

The drive shaft protrudes from the front cover where it is usually sealed by the shaft seal ring. The bearing forces are absorbed by slide bearings. These are designed for high pressures and have excellent dry-running qualities, especially at low rotational speeds. The gear wheels have 12 teeth. This keeps both flow pulsation and noise emission to a minimum.

In order to reduce piping complexity, a flow control valve or pressure-relief valve can be integrated in the cover of the gear pump. Such solutions are used, for instance, for the hydraulic oil supply of power steering systems. The pump delivers a constant flow irrespective of the rotational speed. The residual flow is either returned internally to the suction port or distributed externally to other consumers.

PGH-type hydraulic pumps are gap-compensated internal gear pumps with fixed displacement. The hydrodynamically mounted pinion shaft drives the internal gear. The pinion shaft and internal gear tooth clearances opening in the suction range suck in the hydraulic fluid and transport it to the pressure range. The suction and pressure range are separated by the radial compensation elements and the tooth engagement between the internal gear and pinion shaft.

HEASH TECH’s supply is equal to your demand. Rexroth original and new external gear pump AZPB, AZPF, AZPN, AZPG, AZPS, AZPT, AZPU, AZPJ, Rexroth 0510 gear pump, 0518 gear pump, 0511 gear motor and Rexroth Internal gear pumps PGF, PGH-2X, PGH-3X, PGH-4X, PGM-4X.